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South East Asian backwater

Java fern (Microsorium pteropus)Aquarium Setup: Slow or no current. Densely planted with some floating plants. Use peat filtration
Substrate: Silver sand, driftwood (planted with Java fern Microsorium pteropus or Java moss Vesicularia dubyana), old leaves and coconut shells
Water Conditions: Soft and slightly acidic to very soft and very acidic
Temperature: 24-28 C
Typical fish: Labyrinth fishes, Barbs, Rasboras, Loaches, Danios

Java Moss Portion in 4 Oz Cup - Easy Live Fresh Water Aquarium Plants

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Time left: 20d 6h 36m

A good deal of South East Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia etc) consists of rainforest, criss-crossed by many small creeks and streams. These are usually slow moving backwaters, stained reddish brown with decaying vegetation, and densely planted with plants like Hygrophila, bamboo (Blyxa), and tiger lotus (Nymphaea). Naturally low light level plants like Java moss and Java fern do well in such set-ups.

Being such dark, oxygen-starved environments, the labyrinth fish that live there have developed 'feeler' ventral fins, and a special breathing apparatus (labyrinth organ) as an adaption to the environment.

Genuine blackwater tanks are not always easy to maintain, without huge quantities of peat; some of the darkness required is better replicated by the use of floating plants.

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Fishkeeping Facts and Tips

A shoal of tetras? A well-planted Amazon tank with a large shoal of neon tetras looks amazing. The bright neon blue and red against a green leafy background has got to be one of the best combinations in fishkeeping. It is no wonder that these are one of the most popular aquarium species. But as with all shoaling species, tetras need to be kept in a group to be happy. The larger the better (without overstocking your tank). Six individuals is usually seen as the absolute minimum in a shoal, but more is better. The effect of a large tank with a shoal of 30-40 neon or cardinal tetras is simply stunning


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