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Species Profile | Images | Breeding Report | Similar Species

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How to look after
Astronotus ocellatus
Oscar, Velvet cichlid
(Agassiz, 1831)

Astronotus ocellatus - Oscar, Velvet cichlid - There are several man-made varieties of oscar. This is the albino.
There are several man-made varieties of oscar. This is the albino.
more images here

(Other members of the genus Astronotus)

ADULT SIZE: 35 cm

WATER CONDITIONS: Not critical

TEMPERATURE RANGE: 25-30 C

FOOD: Feed Astronotus ocellatus live and dried foods

DISTRIBUTION: This species comes from Brazil, Peru

AQUARIUM CARE: The Oscar is an aquarium favourite, being much more 'pet like' in its behaviour, it is a firm favourite with many aquarists. They are a large, long-lived species, and need to be well cared for if they are to thrive. They spend much of their time resting and playing, though they will 'strike' when feeding. They particularly relish nutricious livefoods; earthworms, prawn, fish etc. A good feeding readily triggers spawning.

BREEDING: Eggs are typically laid on a cleaned surface. A piece of slate is ideal, though they will dig a pit in the gravel if not provided with a suitable substrate. The eggs are fanned by both parents, and the the young grow quickly; like their parents they can eat endlessly.

Have you bred Astronotus ocellatus? Why not fill in a breeding questionaire?, or examine existing Astronotus ocellatus breeding reports








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Fishkeeping Facts and Tips

Well planted aquariums are not only great looking, they are also very beneficial to the fish. They oxygenate the water, absorb nitrates, reduce algae and provide refuge for fry (and other timid species). Plants like Java fern, hornwort, Amazon sword, Vallisneria (eel grass), Cryptocoryne and Anubias can all do well in a typical home aquarium with the smallest amount of attention


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